Recta Numérica: Enteros

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  • Número de Línea
  • Integers
  • Absolute Value

Temas

  • Número de Línea
  • Integers
  • Absolute Value

Descripción

What do elevation, account balances, and temperature have in common? They can all be represented on a number line. Compare integers on a number line and in an inequality statement. Discover the meaning of absolute value.

Objetivos de Aprendizaje

  • Use positive and negative numbers to represent quantities in multiple contexts.
  • Explain the meaning of positive values, negative values, and zero, in multiple contexts.
  • Describe the location of a point on a number line with respect to another number.
  • Describe the location of a point on a number line with respect to its opposite
  • Define the absolute value of a number as its distance from zero.
  • Interpret inequality statements as statements about the relative position of two integers on a number line diagram.

Standards Alignment

Common Core - Math

6.NS.C.5
Understand that positive and negative numbers are used together to describe quantities having opposite directions or values (e.g., temperature above/below zero, elevation above/below sea level, credits/debits, positive/negative electric charge); use positive and negative numbers to represent quantities in real-world contexts, explaining the meaning of 0 in each situation.
6.NS.C.6a
Recognize opposite signs of numbers as indicating locations on opposite sides of 0 on the number line; recognize that the opposite of the opposite of a number is the number itself, e.g., -(-3) = 3, and that 0 is its own opposite.
6.NS.C.6c
Find and position integers and other rational numbers on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram; find and position pairs of integers and other rational numbers on a coordinate plane.
6.NS.C.7
Understand ordering and absolute value of rational numbers.
6.NS.C.7a
Interpret statements of inequality as statements about the relative position of two numbers on a number line diagram. For example, interpret -3 > -7 as a statement that -3 is located to the right of -7 on a number line oriented from left to right.
6.NS.C.7b
Write, interpret, and explain statements of order for rational numbers in real-world contexts. For example, write -3 oC > -7 oC to express the fact that -3 oC is warmer than -7 oC.
6.NS.C.7c
Understand the absolute value of a rational number as its distance from 0 on the number line; interpret absolute value as magnitude for a positive or negative quantity in a real-world situation. For example, for an account balance of -30 dollars, write |-30| = 30 to describe the size of the debt in dollars.
6.NS.C.7d
Distinguish comparisons of absolute value from statements about order. For example, recognize that an account balance less than -30 dollars represents a debt greater than 30 dollars.
7.NS.A.1a
Describe situations in which opposite quantities combine to make 0. For example, a hydrogen atom has 0 charge because its two constituents are oppositely charged.
7.NS.A.1b
Understand p + q as the number located a distance |q| from p, in the positive or negative direction depending on whether q is positive or negative. Show that a number and its opposite have a sum of 0 (are additive inverses). Interpret sums of rational numbers by describing real-world contexts.
Versión 1.0.1

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Actividades Enviadas por Profesores

SECUNDARIA: Alineación PhET con programas de la SEP México (2011 y 2017) Esta contribución ha sido diseñada por Phet. Diana López EM
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Otro Química
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PRIMARIA: Alineación con programas de la SEP México (2011 y 2017) Esta contribución ha sido diseñada por Phet. Diana López Kínder a grado 5 (K-5)
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HTML5 sims:


Las nuevas simulaciones HTML5 se pueden ejecutar en iPads y Chromebooks, al igual que en PC, Mac, y sistemas Linux.

iPad:
iOS 9+ Safari
Los iPad2 o posteriores soportan las simulaciones HTML5 de PhET. Para conocer las simulaciones compatibles con iPad haga clic aquí.

Android:
No soportado de manera oficial. Si está usando las simulaciones HTML5 en Android, le recomendamos usar la última versión de Google Chrome y Android 4.1+.

Chromebook:
Última versión de Google Chrome
Todos los Chromebook soportan las simulaciones HTML5 y Flash de PhET. Para conocer las simulaciones compatibles con Chromebook haga clic aquí.

Sistemas Windows
Microsoft Edge e Internet Explorer 11, última versión de Firefox, última versión de Google Chrome.

Sistemas Macintosh:
OS 10.9.5 o posterior, Safari 9+, última versión de Firefox, última versión de Chrome.

Sistemas Linux:
No soportado de manera oficial. Por favor contacte a phethelp@colorado.edu para solucionar problemas.


simulaciones Java y Flash:


Las simulaciones Java y Flash se ejecutarán en la mayoría de los PC, Mac, y sistemas Linux. Los requisitos detallados del sistema para ejecutar las simulaciones originales son los siguientes:

Sistemas Windows:
Windows 10, 8.1, 7
RAM: 256 MB
Navegadores: Microsoft Edge e Internet Explorer 11, Firefox, Chrome
Última versión de Java

Sistemas Macintosh:
Mac OS X 10.9.5+
Privilegios de administración para la instalación.
Se requiere de un navegador 64-bit (por ejemplo Safari, Firefox, o Chrome) para ejecutar Oracle Java en Mac OS X.
Última versión de Java

Sistemas Linux:
Oracle Linux 5.5+1
Oracle Linux 6.x (32-bit), 6.x (64-bit)2
Oracle Linux 7.x (64-bit)2
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.5+1, 6.x (32-bit), 6.x (64-bit)2
Ubuntu Linux 12.04 LTS, 13.x
Servidor Suse Linux Enterprise 10 SP2+, 11.x
Navegadores: Firefox, Chrome
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